Daily Archives: June 23, 2018

قيادة المرأة في المملكة العربية السعودية

سيكون بمقدور النساء في المملكة العربية السعودية البدء بقيادة السيارات على طرقات المملكة بشكل قانوني بدءاً من 24 يونيو المقبل 2018. ويعتبر هذه اليوم بالغ الأهمية في المملكة، ويسعدنا في هذا السياق أن نرحب بالنساء الى عالم قيادة السيارت ونشجعهن للمضي قدّام.

تقوم شركة فورد موتور كومباني على إيمان راسخ بأن حرية الحركة تدفع عجلة الازدهار، ويسرّنا اليوم أن نكون جزءاً من هذا الإنجاز الكبير في المملكة لنحظى بفرصة ثمينة لدعم النساء خلال هذه الفترة الاستثنائية.

تعليق

“انها لحظة تاريخية رائعة للنساء في المملكة العربية السعودية، حيث أنه في اللحظة التي سيجلسن فيها خلف عجلة قيادة سيارتهن، من المتوقع ان تتغير حياتهن بطريقة إيجابية. نحن نتطلّع قدماً لدعم جيل جديد كاملٍ من النساء السائقات في المملكة”– جيم فارلي، نائب الرئيس التنفيذي والرئيس، الأسواق العالمية، شركة فورد موتور كومباني.

#قدام_معنا

تقدم شركة فورد موتور كومباني هذا الفيديو كرسالة ترحيب بالنساء السعوديات في المقدمة، وفي مقعد السائق بالتحديد. وهو يقوم بتسليط الضوء على آمال وتطلعات هؤلاء النساء في اطار هذا الفصل الجديد في حياتهن. واحتضانًا لروح “قدام” وهي كلمة سعودية تعني حرفياً “في المقدمة”، أو بشكل تحاوري ، “يلا لنذهب”، تأمل فورد في إلهام النساء في المملكة للقيام برحلتهن بثقة.

https://www.youtube.com/embed/dmJYke3M25U

مع اقتراب تاريخ 24 يونيو 2018، اليوم التاريخي حيث ستتمكن النساء في السعودية من القيادة على طرقات المملكة، قامت بعض موظفات شركة فورد الشرق الأوسط بمشاركة بعض النصائح مع أخواتهن.

https://www.youtube.com/embed/I80Az2rNa3E

 أخبار صحفية حول قيادة المرأة في المملكة العربية السعودية:

  1. فيما تستعدّ النساء لقيادة السيارات في المملكة العربية السعودية، أنتجت فورد الئحة من أفض النصائح حول شراء سيارة لمساعدة السائقات الجديدات خالل قيادتهن التجريبية الأولى
  2. شركة توكيلات الجزيرة للسيارات تجهّز فرعها في الرياض، شارع التخصّصي، لاستقبال عميلات فورد السعوديات
  3. صحافيات سعوديات يخضن غمار الكتابة حول عالم السيارات مع شركة فورد في دبي
  4. فورد وجامعة عفت تدعمان تمكين المرأة بإطالق برنامج مهارات القيادة من فورد لحياة آمنة للنساء في السعودية احتفاء باليوم العالمي للمرأة
  5. فورد وجامعة عفت يدفعان النساء على كتابة التاريخ في المملكة العربية السعوديّة من خالل دورة تعليم القيادة الآمنة

أفلام قصيرة:

  1. مهارات القيادة لحياة آمنة للنساء- جامعة عفت في جدة.
  2. شركة توكيلات الجزيرة للسيارات، فرع شارع التخصصي في الرياض، مع فريق المبيعات من النساء.
  3. شركة توكيلات الجزيرة للسيارات، فرع الخريص الرئيسي.
  4. سيارات فورد، خيار النساء السعوديات.

مقابلات مسجلة

  1. مرام الحزر، مديرة مركز الاتصالات لدى شركة توكيلات الجزيرة
  2. طالبات مشاركات في برنامج “مهارات القيادة لحياة آمنة للنساء”، جامعة عفت، جدة.
  3. كريستال وورثم، مديرة التسويق في شركة فورد الشرق الأوسط وأفريقيا (للغة الإنجليزية).
  4. سوسن نيغوصيان، مدير عام الشؤون الإعلامية في الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا (للغة العربية).

الصور الفوتوغرافية:

  1. مهارات القيادة لحياة آمنة للنساء- جامعة عفت في جدة.
  2. شركة توكيلات الجزيرة للسيارات، فريق المبيعات من النساء مع مجموعة عملاء من السيدات.
  3. سيارات فورد، إسكيب، إدج، إكسبلورر، خيار النساء السعوديات.

نبذة عن شركة فورد موتور كومباني

فورد موتور كومباني هي شركة عالمية تتخذ من مدينة ديربورن في ولاية ميشيغان الأمريكية مقراً لها. وتقوم الشركة بأعمال التصميم، والتصنيع، والتسويق، وتوفير الخدمات لمجموعة فورد الكاملة من السيارات، والشاحنات، والسيارات الرياضية متعددة الاستعمالات، والسيارات الكهربائية، إضافة إلى سيارات لينكون الفاخرة. كما تقدم الشركة خدمات مالية من خلال شركة فورد موتور كريديت، وتواصل تعزيز مكانتها الرائدة في فئة السيارات الكهربائية، والسيارات ذاتية القيادة وحلول النقل. ويوجد لدى فورد نحو 202,000 موظف في كافة أرجاء العالم. لمزيد من المعلومات حول فورد ومنتجاتها وشركة فورد موتور كريديت، يرجى زيارة الموقع الإلكتروني www.corporate.ford.com.​​

تحظى شركة فورد بتاريخ عريق في منطقة الشرق الأوسط يعود إلى أكثر من 60 عاماً. ويدير المستوردون- الموزعون المحليون للشركة أكثر من 155 منشأة في المنطقة ويوجد لديهم ما يزيد على 7000 موظّف، معظمهم من الموظفين العرب. لمزيد من المعلومات حول فورد الشرق الأوسط يرجى زيارة الموقع www.me.ford.com.

 تأخذ فورد الشرق الأوسط على عاتقها أيضاً مسؤولية المواطنة المؤسسية بإطلاق العديد من مبادرات المسؤولية الاجتماعية للشركات في المنطقة، مثل برنامج منح فورد للمحافظة على البيئة، ومحاربات بروح وردية: الحملة التي تهدف إلى نشر الوعي والتثقيف عن سرطان الثدي، ومهارات القيادة لحياة آمنة الموجه للسائقين الشباب، وأكاديمية هنري فورد لريادة الأعمال: المبادرة التدريبية لرواد الأعمال الشباب.

جهات الاتصال:

سوسن نيغوصيان

الشؤون الإعلامية في الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا

فورد الشرق الأوسط وأفريقيا

رشا غانم

أصداء، بيرسون مارستيلر

‎971-4-4507600

‎971-4-356-6368 rasha.ghanem@bm.com
snigogho@ford.com  

 

Migrant Debate Splits EU; Mini-Summit Seeks Solutions

BRUSSELS, With another migrant rescue ship stranded in the Mediterranean and both Italy and Malta again refusing to let it dock, European Union leaders will try to find common ground for tackling a growing political crisis that is threatening to undermine the entire organization.

The leaders of about 16 countries � more than half the 28-nation bloc � will take part in what is being billed as “informal talks” in Brussels on Sunday ahead of a full EU summit next Thursday and Friday, where migration will top the agenda.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said the meeting involves “talking with particularly affected nations about all problems connected with migration.” She said the hope is to see if “we can reach bi-, tri- or even multinational agreements to better solve certain problems.”

The arrival of more than 1 million people in 2015, most fleeing wars in Syria and Iraq, exposed glaring deficiencies in EU migrant reception capacities and asylum laws. It has fueled tensions among EU nations, and anti-migrant parties have won votes in Europe by fomenting public fears of foreigners.

‘Forget about reaching Italy’

“These rescue ships can forget about reaching Italy,” Italy’s new firebrand interior minister, Matteo Salvini, said Saturday as he assured his anti-migrant base that he would “crush” the human trafficking business.

At the heart of the problem lie deep divisions over who should take responsibility for arriving migrants � often Mediterranean countries like Italy, Greece and increasingly Spain � how long they should be required to accommodate them, and what should be done to help those EU countries hardest hit.

The problem was crystallized last week in a row involving Italy’s new populist government, Malta and France over who should take responsibility for 630 people rescued from the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Libya, the main departure point for people trying to reach Europe.

Amid the mudslinging, Spain’s new Socialist government agreed to take charge of the migrants, and the ship eventually made a weeklong voyage to Valencia.

On Saturday, Spain also announced it had rescued 569 more migrants at sea, many from boats in the Strait of Gibraltar, a busy shipping lane with treacherous currents.

But another rescue ship, the Lifeline of the German NGO Mission Lifeline, was stranded in the Mediterranean off Malta after both Italy and Malta refused to let it dock with its 234 migrants. Lifeline said a merchant vessel, the Alexander Maersk, had another 113 migrants and was also waiting for a port to receive them.

Salvini has demanded that Malta, the EU’s smallest country, allow the Lifeline to dock because it was in the island’s waters.

Maltese authorities on Saturday provided humanitarian assistance to the Lifeline’s passengers but Maltese Premier Joseph Muscat stood firm and insisted that Malta had “no responsibility” for the rescue.

The Lifeline “should move from its position toward their original destination to prevent escalation” of the situation, Muscat tweeted.

Austria stands firm

The rhetoric ahead of the Sunday summit extended north, with Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz saying his country would reintroduce controls on its border with Italy if neighboring Germany were to turn back migrants at its border to Austria.

Like everything to do with migrants in Europe lately, even this meeting is proving controversial. What started as talks between half a dozen leaders now involves at least 16, as others demanded to take part. Four countries in Eastern Europe � the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia � have refused to attend and reject taking in migrants in general.

Referring to hasty arrangements and a domestic crisis over migration policies within Germany’s coalition government, the fervently anti-migrant Hungarian prime minister, Viktor Orban, said: “We understand that countries have domestic political difficulties, but this can’t result in pan-European confusion.”

“This is an open invitation. Nobody is excluded, everybody is invited. Nobody is forced to attend, either,” said Alexander Winterstein, spokesman for the European Commission, where the talks will take place.

With plans to reform Europe’s asylum laws bogged down, EU leaders hope to stop migrants leaving North Africa by paying countries like Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia to hold people until their eligibility for asylum can be established.

French President Emmanuel Macron on Saturday proposed that migrants arriving in Europe be placed in “closed centers on European soil” so authorities can quickly decide whether they are eligible to apply for asylum and send home those who don’t qualify.

Speaking in Paris after meeting with new Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, Macron said European countries would take in migrants who qualify to apply for asylum, helping to remove the burden of caring for them from Mediterranean nations on the front line like Italy or Spain.

Italy has proposed these asylum-processing “hot spots” be located in the migrants’ countries of origin or transit.

Fewer migrants

Ironically, the tough talk comes as the number of migrants entering Europe is dropping significantly. The U.N.’s refugee agency says around 80,000 people are expected to arrive by sea this year, about half the number from 2017.

“We do not have a crisis of numbers. We continue to have a crisis of political will,” said UNHCR Europe chief Sophie Magennis.

Source: Voice of America

Saudi Women in Crosshairs of Change

RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA, Outside a sprawling mall in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, young single men and women walk through an open-air exhibit where Saudi women and traffic police explain the ins and outs of handling a car. Children take a lap around a makeshift course in tiny electric cars as clowns appear on a small stage, dancing for the crowd. A song with a woman’s voice blares through the loudspeakers, singing: I love you Saudia. My love, Saudia.

Just four years ago, this government-sponsored event was an unthinkable scene in the deeply religious and socially conservative country.

But the most visible sign of change arrived Sunday, when women in Saudi Arabia were allowed to drive, ending a ban that had stained the kingdom’s reputation globally, kept women subjugated in the backseat and hindered the full potential of the country’s economic growth.

The move places Saudi women at the heart of a major transformation being spearheaded by the country’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. It also places women at the center of a tug-of-war between those agitating for more openings and a religious majority that remains wary of changes that could be influenced by the West.

Incremental steps, dramatic moves

It was only a few years ago that religious police enforced an austere interpretation of Islam that banned music of any kind in public, much less the sound of a woman’s voice on loudspeakers. They could detain groups of unmarried men and women for simply standing around or sitting together. They ensured restaurants and stores closed their doors for daily prayers and waved sticks at women who had their hair or face uncovered, shouting through microphones attached to the tops of their cars as they patrolled the streets.

Unlike previous Saudi monarchs who took cautious, incremental steps to reform the country, King Salman has granted his 32-year-old son and heir, the crown prince, a free hand to usher in dramatic moves that are reshaping the country. Allowing musical concerts, opening movie theaters, easing restrictions on gender segregation and reigning in the powers of the religious police have all been signature reforms of the young prince.

He’s seen as the force behind the king’s decision to lift the longstanding ban on women driving.

I can say that Mohammed bin Salman, the crown prince, came at the right time. He is young and motivated, said Lulwa al-Fireiji, speaking at Friday night’s event to encourage women to drive.

Al-Fireiji, 60, quickly clarified that while there was nothing wrong with previous Saudi rulers, now is the time for change.

I will get a license, but I won’t drive right away because the elders are always scared. But the young people are motivated and we need at this time someone like Mohammed bin Salman � motivated, God bless him, and daring. He will move the country (forward) faster, she said.

Jobs, jobs, jobs

Granting women the right to drive is part of a wider blueprint for the future drawn up by the crown prince. In an era of sustained lower oil prices, the government is pushing Saudis to become less reliant on the government for jobs, handouts and subsidies. Some 70 percent of Saudis who work are employed in the public sector and rely on the government for their wages.

Official statistics show that women make up the overwhelming majority of job seekers in Saudi Arabia and that around 34 percent of Saudis seeking employment are between 25 and 29 years old.

The state alone cannot create enough public sector jobs to keep up with the pace of Saudis seeking work, so foreigners are being booted out of jobs at restaurants, banks, cell phone repair shops and many sales floors to make way for Saudis. Companies are required to stack their workforce with a minimum number of Saudi nationals or face heavy fines.

To encourage two-income households, Saudi women are taking on jobs that were once reserved for men at lingerie shops and makeup stores. And Sunday, when they start driving, many will be able to get more easily to work and will no longer need to hire drivers, who often hail from India and Pakistan. Women will even be allowed to work as drivers.

Prince Mohammed is set to inherit a country where more than half of its 20 million citizens are younger than 25. Many are active on social media, where Saudis are vocal about the pace of change.

Under the crown prince, the message pushed by officials is that Saudi Arabia is modernizing, not Westernizing. The prince has branded the reforms as a return to moderate Islam. Even the country’s ultraconservative clerics, who for decades warned against allowing women to work and drive, have toed the line with muted statements of support.

Reforms and backlash

The tightrope the government has to walk between a shrinking insular and traditionalist majority and a growing progressive and internationalist minority is a defining feature of modern Saudi Arabia, said a report by the Arabia Foundation, a Washington-based think tank that has links with the Saudi government.

The report said the government maintains a delicate balance between reformers and conservatives by monopolizing the reform process, pre-empting and suppressing grassroots activism or, on occasion, tolerating it as a safety valve for expressing grievances.

Just last month, the pendulum appeared to swing away from the latter when several prominent women’s rights activists who were at the forefront of calls to lift the driving ban were arrested. At least 10 are still being held in an undisclosed location with no access to lawyers.

The arrests highlight how quickly the levers of reform can be pulled back.

It looks like the only reform they want is the one that comes from above and any sort of calls for changes, no matter how positive they are and will benefit the country, will not be tolerated from below, said Kareem Chehayeb, a researcher at Amnesty International.

Three of the women still detained, Aziza al-Yousef, Loujain al-Hathloul and Eman al-Nafjan, are seen as icons of a larger democratic and civil rights push in the kingdom. The women had also been calling for an end to guardianship laws that give male relatives final say over whether a woman can marry, obtain a passport or travel abroad.

Since their arrest, the women have been branded traitors by state-aligned media. Prosecutors accuse them of working with foreign entities and attempting to harm the interests of the kingdom.

It comes after Prince Mohammed oversaw the arrests of dozens of writers, moderate clerics and others last year for apparently not emphatically supporting his policies, including the Saudi-led war in Yemen and a standoff with Qatar. In November, he further consolidated power when he arbitrarily detained influential businessmen, officials and at least a dozen high-level princes in a purported anti-corruption campaign.

‘Subjects, not citizens’

The arrest of the women’s rights activists just before women are allowed to drive sends a message that you are subjects and not citizens and that the Saudi leadership alone controls when and how change takes shape, said Kristin Diwan, a senior resident scholar at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington.

You could get the idea that OK now we’re allowing driving and allowing a real opening, but that kind of encourages women to demand and ask for more, she said. I think they want to make sure that that is not the message they’re communicating. You cannot make demands on the government. The government will decide what policies are best.

Source: Voice of America

Report: Russian Jets Strike Rebel-Held Syrian Town

AMMAN, JORDAN, Russian jets struck an opposition-held town in southwest Syria on Sunday, opposition sources said, in the first air cover provided by Moscow to an expanding Syrian army offensive to recapture the strategic area bordering Jordan and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.

Two tracking centers that monitor military aircraft movements recorded at least 20 strikes on Busra al-Harir, northeast of Deraa city, two sources told Reuters.

Syrian government forces had so far made heavy use of artillery and rockets in the current assault, and Russian warplanes that were critical to the recovery of other rebel-held areas had not been deployed until now.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has sworn to recapture the sensitive strategic area, and the army began ramping up its assault there last week, threatening a “de-escalation” zone agreed to by the United States and Russia last year.

The United States on Thursday reiterated its demand that the zone be respected, warning Assad and his Russian allies that violations would have “serious repercussions” and accusing Damascus of initiating airstrikes, artillery and rocket attacks.

A big offensive risks an escalation that could draw the United States deeper into the war. Southwest Syria is of strategic concern to U.S.-allied Israel, which this year has stepped up attacks on Iran-backed militia allied to Assad.

Source: Voice of America